閱讀測驗是很多考生為之害怕的英文題型之一，但是解題的方法並不困難，因為外國人寫文章都愛用破題法，只要看第一段即可知道文章內容是甚麼。例如在此篇文章的第一段中，有提到“temperament” (性情)、”children” (兒童)、” shy”(害羞)，所以文章一定跟”有害羞性情的兒童”有關。
Research shows that between 15 and 20 percent of babies are
born with an anxious temperament, and about three-quarters of
these grow up be chronically shy. That’s 11 to 15 percent of all
children. It’s upsetting to watch your shy child stumble socially, and
you may sometimes feel compelled to step in and do something
about it. But you should avoid the temptation to nag or force the child
to perform in high-pressure situations. “Threatening behavior like
scolding, sarcastic comments or constant nagging won’t help,” says
Swaminathan, a clinical psychologist. “It may make a child withdraw
further or, worse, turn the shyness into a serious social anxiety.”
Protecting a shy child from social interactions isn’t the answer, either.
Some parents, for instance, will answer for their child in the doctor’s
office, even though the doctor is posing the question to the child.
“Don’t just let him retreat－encourage whenever opportunities arise.”
Swaminathan says gradual exposure to social situations can help a
child deal with his fears and anxieties. Finally, to a shy child, the
Internet may seem like a dream that comes true－a chance to
connect socially without the risk of rejection. But it can also delay the
acquisition of true social confidence.
( ) 1. According to the passage, which way may help a shy child?
(A) Nagging constantly and making sarcastic comments
(B) Encouraging the child whenever opportunities arise
(C) Protecting the child from social interactions
(D) Forcing the child to perform
( ) 2. What does the word “chronically” mean in the passage?
(A) Intensively (B) Acutely (C) Continually (D) Particularly
( ) 3. Which quality is NOT associated with shyness?
(A) Anxiety (B) Nagging (C) Fear (D) Retreating
( ) 4. According to the passage, which of the following statements is correct?
(A) To a shy kid, the Internet not only offers a chance to connect socially without the risk of rejection, but it can also help the acquisition of true confidence.
(B) Most parents like to answer for their children, even though questions are posed to the children.
(C) Gradual exposure to social situations can help a shy child reduce his fears and anxieties.
(D) Research shows that all the babies who are born with an anxious temperament grow up to be chronically shy.