閱題測驗的解題訣竅就是需要多點耐心,其實真的並不可怕,因為外國人寫文章都愛用破題法,只要能看第一段即可知道文章大概在講什麼內容。例如在此篇文章的第一段中,有提到” antipathy”(厭惡) 、”hostility”(敵對) 、”war”(戰爭),所以文章一定跟”戰爭源自於人類彼此的厭惡與敵對”有關。
 

From a historical perspective, successful intercultural

 

communication has been an exception rather than a rule. The history

 

of humankind details an ongoing antipathy and hostility toward those

 

who are different. The twentieth century, for instance, suffered two

5

world wars and witnessed the introduction and use of chemical,

 

biological, and nuclear weapons with potential to destroy humankind.

 

The world also endured the Holocaust and various smaller–scale

 

conflicts such as those in Korea, Vietnam, Kuwait, Iraq, and

 

Afghanistan. Now, the world is faced with the aftermath of the

10

destruction of the World Trade Center in New York City and the

 

ensuing war on terrorism. In addition, there are numerous ongoing

 

religious, ethnic, and tribal clashes that seem beyond resolution. The

 

ongoing clash between primarily Hindu India and predominantly

 

Muslim Pakistan over Kashmir, which occasionally leads them to the

15

brink of nuclear war, is the case in point. In Indonesia, one of the

 

most populous countries in the world, a bomb goes off outside a Bali

 

disco and a new wave of ethnic violence engulfs the country.

( ) 1. The main purpose of the passage is to _____.

(A) emphasize the political crisis of the world

(B) declare war against terrorism

(C) write a history of world disasters

(D) observe the turbulent situations of the world

( ) 2. According to the passage, which of the following statements if NOT true?

(A) Successful intercultural communication is an exception in human history.

(B) Ethnic, religious and political clashes in many places trigger wars.

(C) Ethnic and religious conflicts around the world have been resolved through reconciliation.

(D) Human history is fraught with violence and confrontation.

( ) 3. The “Holocaust” refers to _____.

(A) the mass killing of Jews and others by Nazis during the Second World War

(B) the large amount of destruction

(C) the disaster caused by terrorists

(D) the nuclear competition between America and Russia

( ) 4. The passage envisions _____.

(A) an optimistic future of world peace

(B) a constructive survey of world peace

(C) a pessimistic future of world peace

(D) an ambivalent status quo of world peace

詳細解析:請參考 國考專門店-英銘國考英文周刊-No.12-閱讀測驗篇

資料提供:國考專門店

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