英銘老師告訴你其實閱讀測驗並不難,因為外國人寫文章都愛用破題法,只要看第一段即可知道文章大概在講什麼。今天的文章要講的是生氣什如何控制情緒?考試快要到了,大家都要控制情緒喔!


 

You’re driving on the freeway and a reckless motorist cuts you

 

off. According to psychologists, you have three choices. You can

 

vent. (Scream, “You moron!”) You can turn your anger inside. (Tell

 

yourself, “It was my fault anyway.”) Or you can wait until your temper

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cools and reflect. (“Some people just don’t drive safely.”) You may

 

not choose the last option, but studies show that you’d be healthier if

 

you did.

 

The second choice, burying your anger, has negative effects.

 

For instance, a 1986 study found that people who regularly quashed

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their anger were more than twice likely to die in the next twelve years

 

as people who recognized and expressed angry feelings. Besides

 

causing physical ailments, suppressed anger can cause emotional

 

problems. If you feel resentful but don’t do anything about it, you’re

 

apt to take it out on an innocent party. In time, such displaced anger

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can wreak havoc on your relationships. And it can lead to depression.

 

What’s more, you let the real source of your anger off the hook.

 

“Anger is a typical response to a threat,” “Deny it and you give power

 

to the threat.”

 

The first choice, venting all the time, isn’t the answer either.

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Long-term studies at Duke University found that people who respond

 

to anger in a hostile manner and who see others’ motives as

 

unfriendly have an increased risk of heart disease. They suffer a

 

higher death rate in general.

 

So, are you damned if you do, damned if you don’t? Not really.

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The key lies in selecting what you will express anger about. “A lot of

 

us get aggravated by petty things like traffic, says Dr. Redford Smith,

 

a professor of Duck University. “If you go around looking for things to

 

screw up your life, you’ll find them.” Instead, recognize that annoying

 

things will happen. But try not to take them personally. In other

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words, always pick your battles.

( ) 1. According to the passage, what is the best way to deal with anger?

(A) Express it directly. (B) Hide it from friends.

(C) Learn to forgive. (D) Think and then react.

( ) 2. What is likely to occur if we suppress anger?

(A) We seldom lose our temper.

(B) We become healthier physically.

(C) We have better interpersonal relationship.

(D) We get angry with innocent people.

( ) 3. According to the passage, we get angry when we feel _____.

(A) frustrated (B) isolated (C) scared (D) threatened

( ) 4. What is meant by “always pick your battles?”

(A) Always get mad when you are in battles.

(B) Only express anger about important matters.

(C) If something makes you angry, fight to win.

(D) Let the other person get angry and have the heart attack.


英銘老師:閱讀測驗是很多考生畏懼的英文題型之一,其實閱題測驗的的解題並不難,因為外國人寫文章都愛用破題法,只要看第一段即可知道文章大概在講什麼內容。例如在此篇文章的第一段中,有提到“vent” (發洩)、 “anger” (氣憤)、“temper”(脾氣),所以文章一定跟 “生氣時如何控制脾氣”有關。

第1題:根據這篇文章,處理憤怒最好的方法是什麼?根據文章的第4行至第7行,可得知根據研究顯示,最好的方式是等到脾氣平息再表現,因此答案是(D)。

完整解析內容 請參考國考專門店 英銘國考英文周刊-No.35-閱讀測驗篇

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