英銘老師:閱讀測驗是很多考生畏懼的英文題型之一,其實閱讀測驗的解題並不難,因為外國人寫文章都愛用破題法,只要看第一段即可知道文章大概在講什麼內容。例如在此篇文章的第一段中,有提到“examination” (考試)、 “influence” (影響),所以文章一定跟 “考試的影響”有關。

 

Examinations have come to exercise so great an influence in

 

the modern age that it may be difficult to take a view of them

 

unclouded by prejudices. Those who pass examinations have an

 

interest in encouraging their use and in emphasizing their

5

advantages. Those who fail may be in danger of accepting a

 

pessimistic view of their own abilities which could affect their whole

 

future. Here lies a great danger, for even in a society in which

 

everyone would be given an equal chance, no means of selection can

 

be tolerated which depresses the ambition of those rejected. There

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was little disgrace in failing an examination at a time when only a

 

small elite was involved. Nowadays nearly everyone is examined and

 

graded at one level or another, and opportunity for promotion is

 

becoming steadily more available to those who pass tests.

 

Examinations are important, but what is regrettable is that there

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is a tendency to put aside that which is not to be estimated by

 

examination. Moral excellence and strength of character, though

 

encouraged in school by tradition, come second to examination

 

technique when a student applies for entrance to the next stage of

 

education. But we must bear in mind that it is the defects in persona

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l qualities rather than lack of knowledge which are responsible for

 

failures in life.

( ) 1. A pessimistic view of one’s own abilities _____ those who did not do well on the tests.

(A) will be useful to (B) will have little effect on

(C) will be helpful to (D) will do harm to

( ) 2. After one has graduated from a college or university, examinations _____.

(A) will give him no trouble again (B) will have nothing to do with him

(C) will be meaningless to him (D) will still play an important role in his life

( ) 3. According to the writer, failure in life usually results from _____.

(A) lack of knowledge (B) defects in one’s character.

(C) inability (D) lack of experience

( ) 4. Very often examinations will determine _____.

(A) what we are (B) where we are (C) when we are (D) which we are

解析

英銘老師:閱讀測驗是很多考生畏懼的英文題型之一,其實閱題測驗的的解題並不難,因為外國人寫文章都愛用破題法,只要看第一段即可知道文章大概在講什麼內容。例如在此篇文章的第一段中,有提到“examination” (考試)、 “influence” (影響),所以文章一定跟 “考試的影響”有關。

更多解析內容 請看國考專門店 英銘國考英文周刊-No.26-閱讀測驗篇

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