閱讀測驗是許多考生的障礙和困擾，只要你擁有答題技巧,就無須煩惱，反而會是你得分關鍵。例如在此篇文章的第一段中，有提到” Scandinavia” (斯堪的納維亞)、”inhabitant” (居民)、” the 9th century”(第9世紀) 、”increase”(增加)，所以文章一定跟”在第9世紀，斯堪的納維亞人口增加的原因”有關。
At the end of the 8th century Scandinavia had hardly more than
two million inhabitants. But from the beginning of the 9th century its
population began to increase significantly. There were several
reasons for this: on the one hand the climate was getting better; it
became warmer and thus harvests were becoming more abundant,
the people better fed and stronger. The mortality rate of the old and
infants during winter had also decreased. As the years went by,
unoccupied Scandinavian territory became harder and harder to find.
To these demographic factors certain features of Viking life must
be added: such as polygamy, which produced a large number of
children, the obligation for young men to seek their fortune
elsewhere, and Viking laws, which used exile as a punishment for
criminals. There were, therefore, many reasons to take to the sea
and chance one’s arm beyond one’s native shores.
The Vikings were a bold people, who welcomed risks and who
had a passion for voyaging abroad. In the 11th century, not far from
their coasts, a great trade route was opening up, passing through the
ports of Frisia (now Holland) and the Rhine valley. This route became
the crossroads of all commercial exchange in northern Europe.
The Vikings, attracted by all the goods which were beginning to
pass so close to them, took more and more interest in the trade.
Eventually this interest led to piracy and plunder.
( ) 1. The growth of Scandinavian population in the 9th century mainly lies in _____.
(A) the stability of the climate (B) the increase of food
(C) the decrease of old people (D) the expansion of the territory
( ) 2. According to the passage, which of the following statements is true about the Vikings?
(A) They practiced being married to only one person at a time.
(B) A family usually had many children.
(C) Young people had to stay in their hometown to work.
(D) They put the criminals in jail.
( ) 3. According to the passage, the Vikings were _____ people.
(A) skeptical (B) cruel (C) brave (D) smart
( ) 4. The purpose for the author to mention the “great trade route” is to explain _____.
(A) the Vikings’ interests in transportation
(B) the prosperity of Frisia
(C) the beginning of commercial exchange in northern Europe
(D) the adventure spirit of the Vikings