目前日期文章:201401 (32)

瀏覽方式: 標題列表 簡短摘要

這次克漏字的題目很長,千萬不要緊張,深吸口氣,試著將眼睛跟著文章由頭到尾,看完之後,再試著找出題目關鍵詞,想想邏輯情境是否相符,最後再跟著英銘老師針對每篇文章下面補充的相關常考片語都理解吸收,記得只要有出現的都要背下來唷!


Although many countries around the world have banned whale

hunting, these gentle sea mammals are still at risk. Whales are still

being hunted, and more than 10,000 have been killed since 1986.

Some are hunted for “scientific” purposes; others are killed by

5

“pirates.” __1__ whales have very low rates of reproduction, marine

biologists believe that some of these __2__ may never recover from

the damage that whale hunting has caused.

__3__ hunting, there are many other threats to whales. The

fishing industry reduces their food supply, and the nets used by the

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fishermen are a major source of harm. When whales get __4__ in the

nets, they cannot surface to breathe, so they drown. Water pollution

is another threat, and unnatural noises can interfere with a whale’s

ability to navigate.

(  ) 1. (A) When  (B) Because  (C) Although  (D) While

(  ) 2. (A) genes  (B) kinds  (C) species  (D) classes

(  ) 3. (A) Except for (B) In addition to(C) In proportion to (D) Regardless of

(  ) 4. (A) puzzled  (B) neglected  (C) excited  (D) trapped

 

詳細解析: 國考專門店-英銘國考英文周刊-No.17-克漏字篇

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「文學鑑賞」是什麼?其實它跟閱讀測驗很類似,就是會給你一段文章,然後會問你作者的想法是什麼?其實這類的題目你不必落落長的文章來回看好幾遍,只要掌握破解關鍵要領即可,這個私房秘招就讓安東尼老師告訴你!


「文學鑑賞」考題與「閱讀測驗」相當類似,我們只要善找關鍵詞,就能夠找出正確選項。102年地特三等考題,如下:

「一直,以為自己永歸那魁偉的大陸/從簇簇的雪頂到青青的平原/每一寸都是慈愛的母體/永不斷奶是長江,黃河/……才發現我同樣歸屬這島嶼/斷奶的母親依舊是母親/斷奶的孩子,我慶幸/斷了嫘祖,還有媽祖。」(余光中〈斷奶〉)閱讀此詩,以下選項何者不是作者內在的情思?

對現實表示認同,但不否認原始故鄉的文化意涵

執著過去記憶的牽繫,否定逝者已矣,來者可追

隨著足跡深長的停駐,作者已經生成對臺灣的歸屬感

慈愛的母體雖然不可復現,卻已化為特殊的文化意涵

【102地特三等1】

在課堂上,帶同學閱讀此類題目時,老師都很強調:第一眼,一定要看作者是誰;第二眼,一定要看題目是什麼。

 

詳細解析:安東尼國考國文大補帖NO.7─文學鑑賞,白話詩,文意

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今天討論的英文文法是「附加結尾」的用法,說穿了就是前後倒裝子句,只要你能清楚知道so後面要接倒裝句,分辦出直述句還是倒裝句,這樣就可以輕鬆過關囉!記得,這是固定解題用法,千萬要記得唷!


(  ) The name of the author is put on the poster, _____ the name of his country.

(A) so is

(B) also is 

(C) is too 

(D) but is

 

詳細解析: 國考專門店-英銘英銘國考英文周刊-No.17-文法篇

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國考英文其實不難背,只要你能理解吸收,這樣你的英文單字就可以快速累積單字量,也就不怕題目出現很艱深的題型了。所以英銘老師特別把國考英文單字依據出題的頻率高低分層化,用不同顏色標註起來,透過例句輔助,希望可以加強你對國考英文單字的記憶力喔!


(  ) No further research is needed to _____ one fact about Pablo Picasso: He was a man of great talent.

(A) contrast

(B) decompose

(C) establish 

(D) fold

 

詳細解析: 國考專門店-英銘國考英文周刊-No.17-單字篇

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這次英文對話,題目很短,是不是心裡壓力也瞬間消失了呢!其實,不管題目長短,只要你能放鬆心情,試著進入題目情境走,從情節中找到關鍵點,針對對話邏輯,就可以輕鬆找到最適合的答案囉!所以,想要拿高分,其實是很簡單的!同學不妨先看今天的題目,再去看英銘老師精闢解析吧!


 

(  ) Peter: I went to the Mandarin Restaurant last night.

Jim: Really? How was it?

Peter: Terrific. _____ 

(A) I didn’t like it.           

(B) It was the best meal I’ve ever had.

(C) It was very expensive.   

(D) It was the worst meal I’ve ever had.

 

 

 

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雖然閱讀測驗是很多考生感到害怕的英文題型之一,但是解題技巧是很容易學會的,因為外國人寫文章都愛用破題法,只要看第一段即可知道文章大概在講什麼內容。例如在此篇文章的一開始有提到”modernism” (現代主義)、”tenet” (宗旨)、”template”(模板) 、”uniformity”(單調),所以文章一定跟”現代主義建築過於單調”有關。


 

Of all Modernism’s tenets, few have been more “revered” than

the assembly line. Its crisp efficiency was a template for everything.

The new BMW plant in Leipzig serves as an antidote to just that sort of

uniformity. A boomerang-shaped industrial shed with rows of cars

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streaming on curving tracks, it is less a model of efficiency than a

machine for voyeuristic pleasure. Moreover, the plant is an attempt at

social engineering. Its architect subverts the sequential order of

manufacturing by having each car loop back through the central

building, where workers can survey their work. Engineers and workers

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are in constant contact, too, mingling in the corridors and the

cafeteria, which breaks down the hierarchy. Because each car is

routed on its way from the body shop to the paint shop or final

assembly plant, you witness them in all their various stages. At

certain points, the cars stop and revolve on enormous turntables

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before heading off in a new direction. The movements suggest

mechanical ballet. Leipzig plant is thus the flagship of BMW that

provides customized services. Very subtly, the free flow of

information replaces the monotony of the assembly line; individual

needs rule over bland repetition; and machines are at the service of

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man.

 

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安東尼師在前面的文章跟大家談過國考國文的婚嫁題辭,這次來談的題辭是祝壽,除了常考以外,同學不妨把它當成是生活常識,免得不小心用錯場合那可是會貽笑大方的喔!


 

image

 

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克漏字的解題關鍵不在於題目長短,而是在於你是否有耐心看完題目,並且能快速找到關鍵詞。聽起來可能會很複雜,只要你多花點時間多背些片語,再跟著英銘老師針對每篇文章下面補充的相關常考片語做複習,一定要想辦法都背下來唷!


Some shoppers are tired of department stores and shopping

malls-fighting the crowds, waiting in long lines, and __1__ not even

finding anything they want to buy. They would rather sit quietly at

home in front of the TV set and watch a friendly announcer describe

an item __2__ a model displays it. And they can shop around the

clock, purchasing an item simply by making a phone call and __3__ it

to a credit card. Home shopping networks understand the power of

an enthusiastic host, the glamour of celebrity guests __4__ their

products, and the emotional pull of bargain.

(  ) 1. (A) every time  (B) anytime  (C) in no time  (D) sometimes

(  ) 2. (A) while  (B) but  (C) then  (D) so

(  ) 3. (A) selling  (B) claiming  (C) taking  (D) charging

(  ) 4. (A) protecting  (B) endorsing  (C) signing  (D) adopting

 

詳細解析: 國考專門店-英銘國考英文周刊-No.16-克漏字篇

資料提供:國考專門店

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今天要談的英文文法是關於「時態句」,只要能清楚掌握時間點,只要看到If + S + had + p.p.…, S +類似題型時,記住副詞子句要用過去完成式,這是不變的用法,這樣是不是文法就變得更加清楚明白了呢!


(  ) If only _____ too much, the car accident wouldn’t have happened.

(A) I had drunk  (B) I had not drunk  (C) had I drunk  (D) had I not drunk

 

 

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國考英文可以讓你精準拿分的範圍就是單字篇,也是可以快速學習的考題,只要你能依照題目相關的補充單字背熟,就是增加單字量的不二法門,所以英銘老師特別把國考英文單字依據出題的頻率高低分層化,用不同顏色標註起來,透過例句輔助,希望可以加強你對國考英文單字的記憶力喔!


(  )  The possible interactions between these poisonous chemicals are deeply _____ to the government officials.

(A) distinctive

(B) disturbing

(C) notorious 

(D) ruthless

 

 

詳細解析:英銘國考英文周刊-No.16-單字篇

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很多同學看到句意解析的題型常常會心生疑懼,其實句意解析的解題並不難,今天的句意解析考題,英銘老師只要兩個步驟,就可以輕鬆的掌握句意解析的內容取得分數。


(  ) The modern technology has enabled us to split up atoms, but we can’t break down our prejudices.

(A) Nowadays we have been equipped with advanced technology to overcome many extreme challenges, but not to open our mind.

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一「面」鏡子/一「面」矮牆/一「面」之詞,這三個選項好像都沒錯有錯?今年地特五等一般行政的國文就考了這個關於量詞的考題,快跟安東尼老師一起來破解!


量詞的考題,歷年來都不多見,但今年的102年地特五等第一梯與第二梯,都考了「量詞」。

關於量詞的使用,下列選項何者錯誤?

(A)兩「所」房子

(B)五「扇」門板

(C)一「券」圖畫

(D)六「具」電話

【102地特五等一般行政4】

(A)「所」,有地方、處所之義。因此「房子」用「所」做為單位,沒有錯誤。

(B)扇,是用來計算板狀物或片狀物的單位。因此「門板」用「扇」做為單位,也無誤。

(C)券,音「勸」,「刀部」,是「具有價值,可以買賣、抵押或轉讓的票據。」圖畫,雖然也有價值,但是並不能拿來直接「買賣」、「抵押」或「轉讓」。因此(C)有誤。正確應寫為「一卷圖畫」。

(D)具,是用來計算器物或屍體的單位。因此「電話」可以以「具」為單位。

答案是(C)

下列選項「」中的字都作為量詞,用法有誤的是那一個?

(A)一「口」古鐘/一「口」寶劍/一「口」水井

(B)一「副」對聯/一「副」碗筷/一「副」眼鏡

(C)一「面」鏡子/一「面」矮牆/一「面」之詞

(D)一「把」雨傘/一「把」椅子/一「把」芹菜

【102地特五等10】

(A)口,

一是計算人數的單位。如:「一家八口」。

二是計算牲畜數量的單位。相當於「隻」、「頭」。如:「三口豬」。

三是計算器物數量的單位。如:「兩口鍋子」、「一口鋼刀」、「一口枯井」。

題目符合「計算器物數量之單位」,無誤。

(B)副,是計算成套成組物品的單位。如:「一副碗筷」、「兩副耳環」、「三副眼鏡」。寫作「付」亦正確。

「對聯」、「碗筷」、「眼鏡」均為「成套成組物品」故亦無誤。

(C)面,

一是計算平面物的單位。如:「一面國旗」、「兩面鏡子」、「三面牆」。

二是計算見面次數的單位。如:「見過一面」。

此選項前二項為正確,最後的「一面之詞」,這裡的「一面」是指單方面,並非用來計量之物品,故不選。(C)選項有誤。

(D)把,

一、計算有柄、有把手器物的單位。如:「一把刀」、「兩把傘」。

二、計算成束的長條狀物品的單位。如:「一把蔥」、「兩把筷子」、「三把火把」。

三、計算手所能盈握數量的單位。如:「一把鹽」、「兩把花生米」。

四、計算手部動作的單位。如:「推他一把」、「拉你一把」。

五、計算火的單位。如:「放一把火」。

雨傘與椅子,皆符合「計算有柄、有把手器物」;芹菜符合「成束的長條狀物品」,故無誤。

其實教育部有出版過《常用量詞手冊》與《教育部重編國語辭典修訂本》一樣,可以用來檢閱量詞。同學遇到這方面的問題,應多利用。網址如下:http://www.edu.tw/files/site_content/M0001/liangtz/c7.htm

提供給同學作為參考。

詳細解析: 國考專門店-安東尼國考國文大補帖NO.6─語文應用,量詞

資料提供:國考專門店

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閱讀測驗是很多考生畏懼的英文題型之一,其實閱題測驗的的解題並不難,因為外國人寫文章都愛用破題法,只要看第一段即可知道文章大概在講什麼內容。例如在此篇文章的一開始,有提到”marriage” (婚姻)、”Alaska” (阿拉斯加)、” the oil industry”(石油工業),所以文章一定就是把阿拉斯加與石油工業比喻成婚姻關係。


The marriage coasted for 30 years. From the late 1950s on,

Alaska and its bride, the oil industry, enjoyed a mutually enriching

bond. Then, on March 24, 1989, the industry betrayed us. Alaskans

awoke that day to more than 10 million gallons of crude oil, bled from

5

the grounded tanker Exxon Valdez, roaming unchecked in one of our

treasures, Prince William Sound. It was as if a spouse had murdered

one of the children.

(  ) 1. The passage would most likely be found in _____.

(A) a newspaper editorial     (B) a book on marriage counseling

(C) a novel about Alaska      (D) a report on the oil industry

(  ) 2. What happened to Exxon Valdez on March 24, 1989?

(A) It was severely wounded and bled.    (B) It came across a prince.

(C) It leaked a great deal of oil.           (D) It murdered its child.

(  ) 3. The word “spouse” in the passage refers to _____.

(A) the oil industry  (B) Alaska (C) Exxon Valdez  (D) Prince William Sound

(  ) 4. What is the passage mainly about?

(A) The sour relationship between a marriage relationship of two Alaskans.

(B) The relationship between Alaska and the oil industry.

(C) The excessive usage of oil and its negative effects.

(D) The soaring rates of domestic violence and child abuse in Alaska.

 

 

詳細解析:英銘國考英文周刊-No.15-閱讀測驗篇

資料提供:國考專門店

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國考英文「對話」出題方向大多來自於生活瑣事,看題目就像在看故事一樣,具有情節可以推理,只要學會耐心看完整個對話,在根據上一句的內容,去判斷正確時態,就可以找出正確的答案。See!!想要搞定對話題,是不是很簡單呢!同學不妨先看今天的題目,再去看英銘老師精闢解析吧!


(  ) Husband: Tina looks like a hard worker.

Wife: _____

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文言文的閱讀測驗考題分為「文意題」跟「句意題」兩大類,老師教過大家文意題的答案通常在文章的第一句或最後一句,快來驗證一下對不對?


閱讀測驗通常會考「文意題」,與「句意題」,去年普考中的閱讀測驗即為典型範例,我們直接來看題目吧:

閱讀下文,回答第題至第題:

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看到克漏字千萬別害怕,克漏字常考都都是片語、或者文法的連接詞或者介系詞..面對克漏字這樣的考題只能夠就是先仔細觀察考題,找出關鍵字詞之外,再來拼的就是背了多少片語喔!所以每篇克漏字英銘老師都會補充相關常考的的片語,記得要一併背起來喔!


Punctuation, one is taught, has a point: to __1__ law and order.

Punctuation marks are the road signs __2__ along the highway of our

communication—to control speeds, provide directions and prevent

__3__ collisions. A period has the unblinking finality of a red light; the

5

comma is a flashing yellow light that asks us only to slow down; and

the semicolon is a stop sign that tells us to ease gradually to a halt,

__4__ gradually starting up again.

(  ) 1. (A) keep away  (B) keep on  (C) keep up  (D) keep up with

(  ) 2. (A) placed  (B) placing  (C) be placed  (D) be placing

(  ) 3. (A) head  (B) on-head  (C) head-on  (D) heading-on

(  ) 4. (A) before  (B) after  (C) earlier  (D) later

 

詳細解析:請參考 國考專門店-英銘國考英文周刊-No.14-克漏字篇

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上次老師談了「結婚題辭」,這次來談「出嫁題辭」。

「結婚」與「出嫁」差別在哪?差別在「結婚」是兩個人的事,而「出嫁」則偏重於「女方」。下列表格是常見的「出嫁題辭」,灰底部分是較為少見的「出嫁題辭」,老師會進行簡單的解析。

于歸之喜 宜其家人 宜爾家室 祥徵鳳律 摽梅迨吉

于歸叶吉 宜其家室 桃夭及時 雀屏妙選 適擇佳婿

之子于歸 宜室宜家 桃灼呈祥 琴韻初調 燕燕于飛

妙選東床 宜爾室家 淑女于歸 鳳卜宜昌 釐降徵祥

蘋藻權輿

在《詩經˙周南˙桃夭》中有言:「桃之夭夭,灼灼其華,之子于歸,宜其室家。」整首詩,都在談女子出嫁,因此看到:桃夭、于歸、宜其家人、宜其家室、宜室宜家……等關鍵詞,就要直接聯想到「出嫁」。

資料提供:國考專門店  安東尼國考國文大補帖NO.5─文化認知,題辭


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國考英文考題中最沒有範圍可依循的就是單字囉,考生只能每天每天累積英文單字量!英銘老師特別把國考英文單字依據出題的頻率給分層化,用不同顏色標記起來,並且加上例句輔助,就是加強你的國考英文單字的記憶喔!


(  ) He had a memory so _____ that he could even remember everyone’s nickname after twenty years.

(A) lofty  (B) phenomenal  (C) thrifty  (D) knowledgeable

 

 

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斯斯有兩種,國考國文的「雙關」修辭法也有兩種。第一種是「諧音」雙關,第二種是「詞義」雙關,趕快聽聽老師怎麼說?今天來介紹「雙關」修辭。

諧音雙關:

諧音雙關」就是除了本字的意義外,又同時有另一個與本字同音的字的意義。簡單來說,就是「字」經由更換,即出現第二種意涵。如:

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閱讀測驗是很多考生畏懼的英文題型之一,其實閱題測驗的的解題並不難,因為外國人寫文章都愛用破題法,只要看第一段即可知道文章大概在講什麼內容。例如在此篇文章的開頭,有提到”time” (時間)、”measure” (測量)、”invention”(發明),所以文章一定跟”人類發明器具來測量時間”有關。


Times, as we understand and measure it, is a human invention.

The science of studying time, as well as the art of making

instruments that measure time, is known as horology. Different

instruments have been used to keep track of time over the years, in

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an effort to count time in equal units. Sundials, or sun clocks, were

used as early as 3500 B.C. and divided daylight time into equal

hours. In Europe, in the fourteenth century, the hourglass was used.

Time was then measured by having a quantity of sand, water, or

mercury run from the upper to the lower part over a set period of

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time. The first spring-powered clock was invented in Germany

around 1510. The power for this clock came from a metal coil inside

called a mainspring. To operate the clock, a person would wind the

mainspring by turning a key.

Battery-powered clocks were first used in the 1840s, with

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electric and quartz-powered clocks coming into use in the early

1900s.With the invention of battery and electric-powered clocks,

there was no longer the need to wind a mainspring. As a result,

time-keeping became much more accurate.

(  ) 1. The passage above is about _____.

(A) the importance of being always on time

(B) the significance of making time-keeping instruments

(C) the evolution of humans’ ideas of time.

(D) the development of horology.

(  ) 2. Which of the following is also called “sun clocks”?

(A) Sundials.                  (B) Hourglasses.

(C) Spring-powered clocks.    (D) Battery-powered clocks

(  ) 3. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage to help humans measure time?

(A) fire  (B) sand  (C) water  (D) quartz

(  ) 4. According to the author, humans invented different time-keeping instruments in order to _____.

(A) wake up a person on time    (B) measure time in equal units

(C) make good use of time         (D) emphasize the importance of time

 

詳細解析:請參考 國考專門店-英銘國考英文周刊-No.14-閱讀測驗篇

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